IBON said that the unemployment crisis is actually even worse than official figures show. The group estimates that the real unemployment rate is likely around 22% and the real number of unemployed around 14 million. The 20.4 million real unemployed and underemployed today is the worst crisis of mass unemployment in the country’s history.
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported 7.3 million unemployed and 6.4 million underemployed in April 2020. As it is, this is the worst government-recorded unemployment (7.3 million) and combined unemployment and underemployment (13.7 million) in the country’s history.
IBON pointed out, however, that the technical definition of unemployment does not count as much as 4.1 million Filipinos who did not formally enter the labor force because of the ECQ and another 2.6 million that the revised unemployment definition since April 2005 stopped counting.
The drastic drop in the labor force participation rate (LFPR) to 55.6% is most of all due to the ECQ, said the group. The jobless Filipinos who did not enter the labor force will not be counted as unemployed because the technical definition of unemployed requires them to be in the labor force to begin with. If the LFPR had stayed the same at 61.3% in April 2019, there would be an additional 4.1 million in the labor force.
The methodology for counting the unemployed was revised in April 2005. Since then, jobless Filipinos who did not look for work in the last six months or are unable to immediately take up work are no longer considered unemployed and removed from the labor force. This lowered officially reported unemployed Filipinos and stopped comparability with data from previous years.
The revised unemployment definition tends to underestimate the magnitude of unemployment by 35% and the unemployment rate by 3.3 percentage points. An initial correction for this would mean an additional 2.6 million jobless Filipinos who should be counted as unemployed according to the previous definition, said the group.
IBON said that it is important to see historical trends in the country’s unemployment situation to get an accurate picture of the long-term implications of economic policies. Having data that is comparable over time will give a much clearer indication of the structural economic changes the economy is undergoing which will enable better policymaking.